What is an Autoclave?
The autoclave definition is an instrument used to sterilize equipment and supplies by
subjecting them to high pressure saturated steam at 121 °C for around 15–20
minutes depending on the size of the load and the contents. It was invented by
Charles Chamberland in 1879, although a precursor known as the steam digester
was created by Denis Papin in 1679. The name comes from Greek auto-, ultimately
meaning self, and Latin clavis meaning key — a self-locking device.
Autoclaves are widely used in microbiology, medicine, tattooing, body piercing,
veterinary science, mycology, dentistry, chiropody and prosthetic fabrication.
Many autoclaves vary in size and function depending on the media they are
Typical loads include laboratory glassware, surgical instruments, medical waste,
patient care utensils, animal cage bedding, and Lysogeny broth.
A notable growing application of autoclaves is in the pre-disposal treatment and
sterilization of waste material, such as pathogenic hospital waste. Machines in
this category largely operate under the same principles as the original
autoclave in that they are able to neutralize potentially infectious agents by
utilizing pressurized steam and superheated water. A new generation of waste
converters is capable of achieving the same effect without any pressure vessels
to sterilize culture media, rubber material, gowns, dressing, gloves etc. It is
particularly useful for materials which cannot withstand the higher temperature
of a hot air oven. For all-glass syringes, a hot air oven is a better
Autoclaves are also widely used to cure composites and in the vulcanization of
rubber. The high heat and pressure that autoclaves allow help to ensure that the
highest possible physical properties are repetatively attainable. Aerospace and
sparmakers (for sailboats in particular) have autoclaves well over 50 feet long,
some over 10 feet wide.
In this section of Integris Equipment, you will find many Autoclaves and
***For any Autoclaves or Sterilization Equipment not found on the website, please
call or email!!***