Vital Signs Patient Monitors
In this section of Integris Equipment, you can browse some of the new
refurbished vital signs monitors that we have for sale. Refurbished
equipment comes with a 30 day Integris Bio-Med certified warranty.
Some of the parameters to look for when choosing a monitor are:
NIBP - non invasive blood pressure
SpO2 - pulse oximetery
etCO2 - end-tidal CO2 (the level of carbon dioxide released at the end of
If you need any help choosing a vital signs monitor, feel free to
call or email us, we will be happy to provide you with assistance.
A medical monitor or physiological monitor or display, is an electronic medical
device that measures a patient's vital signs and displays the data so obtained,
which may or may not be transmitted on a monitoring network. Physiological data
are displayed continuously on a CRT or LCD screen as data channels along the
time axis, They may be accompanied by numerical readouts of computed parameters
on the original data, such as maximum, minimum and average values, pulse and
respiratory frequencies, and so on.
In critical care units of hospitals, bedside units allow continuous monitoring
of a patient, with medical staff being continuously informed of the changes in
general condition of a patient. Some monitors can even warn of pending fatal
cardiac conditions before visible signs are noticeable to clinical staff, such
as atrial fibrillation or premature ventricular contraction (PVC).
Old analog patient monitors were based on oscilloscopes, and had one channel
only, usually reserved for electrocardiographic monitoring (ECG). So, medical
monitors tended to be highly specialized. One monitor would track a patient's
blood pressure, while another would measure pulse oximetry, another the ECG.
Later analog models had a second or third channel displayed in the same screen,
usually to monitor respiration movements and blood pressure. These machines were
widely used and saved many lives, but they had several restrictions, including
sensitivity to electrical interference, base level fluctuations, and absence of
numeric readouts and alarms. In addition, although wireless monitoring telemetry
was in principle possible (the technology was developed by NASA in the late
1950s for manned spaceflight) it was expensive and cumbersome.
With the development of digital signal processing (DSP) technology, however,
medical monitors evolved enormously, and all current models are digital, which
also has the advantages of miniaturization and portability. Today the trend is
toward multiparameter monitors that can track many different vital signs at
once. The parameters (or measurements) now consist of pulse oximetry
(measurement of the saturated percentage of oxygen in the blood, referred to as
SpO2, and measured by an infrared finger cuff), ECG (electrocardiograph of the
QRS waves of the heart with or without an accompanying external heart
pacemaker), blood pressure (either invasively through an inserted blood pressure
transducer assembly, or non-invasively with an inflatable blood pressure cuff),
and body temperature through an adhesive pad containing a thermoelectric
transducer. In some situations, other parameters can be measured and displayed,
such as cardiac output (via an invasive Swan-Ganz catheter), capnography (CO2
measurements, referred to as EtCO2 or end-tidal carbon dioxide concentration),
respiration (through a thoracic transducer belt, an ECG channel or via EtCO2,
when it is called AWRR or airway respiratory rate), etc.
Besides the tracings of physiological parameters along time (X axis), digital
medical monitors have automated numeric readouts of the peak and/or average
parameters displayed on the screen, and high/low alarm levels can be set, which
alert the staff when some parameter exceeds of falls the level limits, using
Several models of multiparameter monitors are networkable, i.e., they can send
their output to a central ICU monitoring station, where a single staff member
can observe and respond to several bedside monitors simultaneously. Ambulatory
telemetry can also be achieved by portable, battery-operated models which are
carried by the patient and which transmit their data via a wireless data
Some digital patient monitors, especially those used EMS services,often
incorporate a defibrillator into the patient monitor itself. These
monitor/defibrillators usually have the normal capabilities of an ICU monitor,
but have manual (and usually semi-automatic AED)defibrillation capability. This
is particular good for EMS services, who need a compact, easy to use monitor and
defibrillator, as well as for inter- or intrafacility patient transport. Most
monitor defibrillators also have transcutaneous pacing capability via large AED
like adhesive pads (which often can be used for monitoring, defibrillation and
pacing)that are applied to the patient in an anterior-posterior configuration.
The monitor defibrillator units often have specialized monitoring parameters
such as waveform capnography, invasive BP, and in some monitors, Masimo Rainbow
SET pulse oximetry. Examples of monitor defibrillators are the Lifepak 12, 15
and 20 made by Physio Control, the Philips Heartstart MRx, and the E Series and
R Series by ZOLL Medical.
In this section of Integris Epuipment, you will find a wide variety of patient
monitors both new and refurbished.
***For any Patient Monitors not found on the website, please
call or email***